Scientists of the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have discovered a new species of epiphytic plant Lysionotus namchoomii from Pakke-Kessang district of Arunachal Pradesh.
About New epiphytic plant
- It is named as Lysionotus namchoomii.
- Range: The native range of the genus Lysionotus is the Himalayas to Japan and Indo-China, and about 50% of the species found are endemic.
- Species of the genus are mostly epiphytic, lithophytic, or terrestrial evergreen erect or climbing subshrubs.
- The new species bears thick leaves and attractive purple flowers.
- The conservation status of this new species is provisionally assessed as ‘Critically Endangered’, in accordance with the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.
- It is epiphytic in nature and grows another plant.
- Epiphytic plants are mostly found in tropical and subtropical forests.
Key Facts about Botanical Survey of India
- It is the apex taxonomic research organization of the country which is under the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Government of India.
- It was established on 13th February 1890 under the direction of Sir George King.
- The mandate of the organization has been broadened to biosystematics research, floristic studies, documentation, databasing of National Botanical collection, digitization of herbarium specimens etc.
- Headquarter: Kolkata
Q1) What are Tropical forests?
Tropical forests, often referred to as tropical rainforests,are a type of forest ecosystem that is found in regions near the equator and characterized by high rainfall and warm temperatures throughout the year. These forests are incredibly rich in biodiversity and are home to a wide variety of plant and animal species.