Niti Pass

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Sources in the defense and security establishment recently confirmed that the Chinese side has been realigning and building a new link road and helipads at Sarang, Poling Jindu, which is opposite to India's Niti Pass.

About Niti Pass:

  • Location:
    • It is an international high mountain pass at an elevation of 5.086m (16,686ft) located on the border of India and China.
    • It connects Uttarakhand and southern Tibet.
  • It was an ancient trade route between India and Tibet.
  • It has remained closed since the 1962 China Sino-Indian War.

Key facts about Niti Valley:

  • It is a remote valley located in the northernmost region of Garhwal Himalayas in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand.
  • The valley’s major river is the Dhauliganga which flows south-southwest.
  • Due to high altitude at Niti Valley the winter season is hard. Due to that most residents leave the Niti Valley during winter and come back in April.
  • There are 24 villages in the Niti Valley. Majority of population belongs to members of the Bhotiya scheduled tribe.
  • Niti, located at an elevation of 3,600 m, is the most important village of the valley.
  • Nestled within the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Niti is the last village at the Indo-China border.


Q1) What are Garhwal Himalayas?

The Garhwal Himalayas are mountain ranges located in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. This range is also a part of Himalaya Shivalik Hills, the outermost hills of the Himalaya are located in Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. Major peaks of Garhwal Himalayas are Nanda Devi, Kamet, Sunanda Devi, Abi Gamin, Mana Peak and Mukut Parbat.

Source: China bid to strengthen infra, connectivity in Middle Sector