Pallikaranai marshland

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Pallikaranai marshland Blog Image


Despite threats of new infrastructure and encroachments, winged visitors continue to arrive at the Pallikaranai marshland.

About Pallikaranai marshland: 

  • It is a freshwater marsh and partly saline wetland situated about 20 kilometres south of the city of Chennai,Tamil Nadu.
  • On its eastern periphery, the Marsh is flanked by the Buckingham Canal. 
  • The diverse ecosystem of the marshland supports some 115 bird species, ten mammals, 21 reptiles, ten amphibians, 46 fish, nine molluscs, five crustaceans, and seven butterfly species.
  • These include notable species such as Russell’s viper (Daboia siamensis) and birds such as the glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus), grey-headed lapwings (Vanellus cinereus) and Pheasant-tailed jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus).
  • Apart from its biodiversity value, the wetland also plays a vital role in the prevention of flooding for the city of Chennai, soaking up water during wet periods and releasing it during dry spells.
  • The site is threatened by invasive and non-native species, household sewage, urban wastewater and droughts.
  • It is one of the Ramsar sites from India.


Q1) What is Marshland?

Marshland, often referred to as a marsh, is a type of wetland characterized by the presence of water, primarily shallow and slow-moving, as well as the growth of emergent vegetation, which is plant life that is rooted in the water but extends above its surface. Marshes are transitional ecosystems located between open water bodies (such as lakes, rivers, or oceans) and dry land.

Source: First set of migratory birds flock Chennai’s Pallikaranai marshland