About Parambikulam Tiger Reserve:
- Parambikulam is one of the premier Tiger Reserves of India and is endowed by nature in terms of species, habitat and ecosystem diversity.
- It is located in the Palakkad District of Kerala and lies in between the Anamalai hills and Nelliampathy hills of the Southern Western Ghats.
- Flora: It supports diverse habitat types namely; evergreen forests, moist and dry deciduous forests and grasslands.
- Fauna: Lion-tailed macaques, Malabar giant squirrel and Flying squirrel, Tarantula (large-bodied spiders) etc.
- There are several endemic, rare, endangered and threatened (RET) species of flora and fauna adding to the diversity of the Reserve. To name a few,
- Coscinium fenestratum and Utleria salicifolia (the IUCN ‘red listed’ medicinal plants endemic to Anamalais)
- Tomopterna parambikulamana (an endemic frog of Parambikulam)
- Garra surendranathanii (an endemic sucker fish)
Q1) What is characteristic of the Dry deciduous forests of India?
Dry deciduous forests in India are mainly found, where rainfall ranges between 70 -100 cm. On the wetter margins, it has a transition to the moist deciduous, while on the drier margins to thorn forests. These forests are mainly found in rainier areas of the Peninsula and the plains of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.