Recently, scientists from the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) Prayagraj Centre have discovered a new plant species Pedicularis Revealiana, in the state of Sikkim.
About Pedicularis Revealiana:
- It is unique among all Pedicularis species.
- It is stout and woody stems, bears minute flowers of pinkish-purple colour.
- It is a hemiparasitic plant species.
- Along with making its own food, it has the ability to gather nutrients from the roots of trees and plants located nearby.
- This new flora is found in remote forests, which are covered with snow for most of the year.
- This genus includes about 677 species worldwide, of which 82 species, 13 subspecies and nine varieties have been reported so far in India.
- Pendicularis revealiana is the 83rd species reported by the botanists and the plant is commonly known as a perennial herb.
Key Facts about Botanical Survey of India
- It is the apex taxonomic research organization of the country which is under the Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Government of India.
- It was established on 13thFebruary 1890 under the direction of Sir George King.
- The mandate of the organization has been broaden to biosystematics research, floristic studies, documentation, databasing of National Botanical collection, digitization of herbarium specimens etc.
- Headquarter: Kolkata
Q1) What is a Hemiparasitic plant?
Hemiparasitic plants, also known as partial or semi-parasitic plants, are a unique group of plants that exhibit a form of parasitism, but they are not fully dependent on their host for survival and these plants are capable of photosynthesis to some extent, producing their food.