Recently, a group of birders, who visited Kurichi tank in Coimbatore spotted a Red-necked phalarope (Phalaropus lobatus).
About Red-necked Phalarope
- It is a fairly small shorebird known for spinning frantically on water to stir up small invertebrates.
- It has a circumpolar distribution and is found in both boreal and tundra zones between 60 and 70 degrees latitude.
- These phalaropes can be found in coastal regions of the Arctic Ocean, south to the Aleutians and Northwest to Britain.
- In the winter, it spends most of its time on the ocean.
- During this non-breeding season, phalaropes can be found off central-west South America, in the Arabian Sea and from central Indonesia to western Melanesia.
- Appearance and behaviour:
- The bird mainly feeds on small aquatic invertebrates and plankton.
- It exhibits a typical feeding behavior of spinning on the surface of water.
- This rapid circling is believed to bring the prey to its feeding range.
- Unlike in other species, female Red-necked phalaropes are brighter than males.
- During the breeding period, the species have a chestnut-red plumage from behind the ear to the down sides of the neck.
- Females are observed polyandrous, that is mating with more than one male.
- The males brood chicks and feed them.
- Conservation status
- IUCN: Least concern
Q1) What is boreal forest?
The boreal forest, often referred to as the taiga, is the world's largest terrestrial biome or ecosystem and represents a vast belt of coniferous forests that encircle the Earth's northern hemisphere, just south of the Arctic tundra.