Key Facts about Red Sea

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Global trade has been severely affected recently, primarily due to the disruption of one of the critical shipping routes — through the Red Sea.

About Red Sea

  • It is a semi-enclosed inlet (or extension) of the Indian Ocean between the continents of Africa and Asia.
  • It is one of the world’s warmest seas.
  • It is connected to the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean to the south through the Gulf of Aden and the narrow strait of Bab El-Mandeb.
  • The northern portion of the Red Sea is bifurcated by the Sinai Peninsula into the Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Suez, where it is connected to the Mediterranean Sea via the famous Suez Canal.
  • Bordering Countries:
    • Yemen and Saudi Arabia border the Red Sea to the east.
    • It is bordered by Egypt to the north and west and by Sudan, Eritrea, and Djibouti to the west.
  • This sea has a surface area of roughly 438,000 km2 and is about 2,250 km in length. 
  • The maximum width of the sea is 355 km, and the sea’s deepest point is 3,040 m at the central Suakin Trough, with the sea’s estimated average depth being 490 m.
  • The Red Sea contains some of the world’s hottest and saltiest seawater.
  • Islands: Some well-known islands include Tiran Island, which is located near the mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba, and Shadwan Island, which is located at the entrance of the Gulf of Suez.
  • With its connection to the Mediterranean Sea via the Suez Canal, it is one of the most heavily traveled waterways in the world, carrying maritime traffic between Europe and Asia.

Q1: What is a Strait?

A strait is a narrow waterway between two pieces of land that connects two large bodies of water. Well-known straits include the Bering Strait, which links the Arctic Ocean with the Bering Sea and separates the continents of Asia and North America at their closest point. The Strait of Gibraltar, located between Spain and Africa, connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean. The Strait of Magellan lies between the southern tip of South America and the islands of Tierra del Fuego and links the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

Source: Red sea crisis Gujarat exporters turn to costly aerial routes