Key Facts about Red Sea

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A US warship and multiple commercial vessels were recently attacked in the Red Sea, deepening maritime tension in the Middle East.

About Red Sea

  • It is a semi-enclosed inlet (or extension) of the Indian Ocean between the continents of Africa and Asia.
  • It is the world’s northernmost tropical sea. It is one of the world’s warmest seas.
  • It is connected to the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean to the south through the Gulf of Aden and the narrow strait of Bab el-Mandeb.
  • The northern portion of the Red Sea is bifurcated by the Sinai Peninsula into the Gulf of Aqaba and the Gulf of Suez, where it is connected to the Mediterranean Sea via the famous Suez Canal.
  • Bordering Countries:
    • Yemen and Saudi Arabia border the Red Sea to the east.
    • It is bordered by Egypt to the north and west and by Sudan, Eritrea, and Djibouti to the west.
  • This sea has a surface area of roughly 438,000 km2 and is about 2,250 km in length. 
  • The maximum width of the sea is 355 km, and the sea’s deepest point is 3,040 m at the central Suakin Trough, with the sea’s estimated average depth being 490 m.
  • Islands: Some well-known islands include Tiran Island, which is located near the mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba, and Shadwan Island, which is located at the entrance of the Gulf of Suez. 

Q1) What is a Gulf?

The Gulf is a portion of the sea that is almost surrounded by land except one narrow opening. Gulfs are formed when a giant rock collapses or when a piece of land sinks. This causes a big indentation in the area, and the water eventually fills it up. Gulfs are also formed through a natural process of erosion.

Source: Pentagon claims USS Carney, multiple commercial ships attacked in Red Sea