Similipal Tiger Reserve

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Similipal Tiger Reserve Blog Image


Forest staff at Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR) recently recovered the carcass of an elephant with missing tusks from Gopinathpur beat within the Pithabata wildlife range of STR south division.

About Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR):

  • Location: STR is located within the Mayurbhanj District, in the Northern-most part of Odisha.
  • Area: It is spread over 2750 sq km.
  • It is surrounded by high plateaus and hills, the highest peak being the twin peaks of Khairiburu and Meghashini (1515m above mean sea level).
  • The terrain is mostly undulating and hilly, interspersed with open grasslands and wooded areas.
  • It was declared a 'Tiger Reserve' in the year 1956 and included under the national conservation programme'Project Tiger' in 1973. 
  • The STR along with a 'transitional area' of 2250 sq. km has been included as a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO in the year 2009.
  • It is the only landscape in the world that is home to melanistic tigers.
  • The region around STR is home to a variety of tribes including Kolha, Santhala, Bhumija, Bhatudi, Gondas, Khadia, Mankadia and Sahara.
  • Flora:
    • An astounding 1078 species of plants including 94 species of orchidsare found here.
    • Eucalyptus, are also the major floral attraction in the area.
  • Fauna: Leopard, Gaur, Elephant, Langur, Barking and Spotted Deer, Sloth Bear Mongoose, Flying Squirrel, Porcupine, Turtle, Monitor Lizard, Python, Sambar, Pangolin etc


Q1) What is a Biosphere Reserve?

Biosphere reserves are ‘areas of land and marine ecosystems or a combination, which are internationally recognised within the framework of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) programme. It is an area where locals work with biodiversity and its sustainable use.

Source: Elephant poached in Similipal tiger reserve in Mayurbhanj, tusks removed