Similipal Tiger Reserve

1 min read
Prelims: Environment & Ecology
Similipal Tiger Reserve Blog Image

About Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR):

  • Location: STR is located within the Mayurbhanj District, in the Northern-most part of Odisha.
  • Area: It is spread over 2750 sq km.
  • It is surrounded by high plateaus and hills, the highest peak being the twin peaks of Khairiburu and Meghashini (1515m above mean sea level).
  • The terrain is mostly undulating and hilly, interspersed with open grasslands and wooded areas.
  • It was declared a 'Tiger Reserve' in the year 1956 and included under the national conservation programme'Project Tiger' in 1973. 
  • The STR along with a 'transitional area' of 2250 sq. km has been included as a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO in the year 2009.
  • It is the only landscape in the world that is home to melanistic tigers.
  • The region around STR is home to a variety of tribes including Kolha, Santhala, Bhumija, Bhatudi, Gondas, Khadia, Mankadia and Sahara.
  • Flora:
    • An astounding 1078 species of plants including 94 species of orchidsare found here.
    • Eucalyptus, are also the major floral attraction in the area.
  • Fauna: Leopard, Gaur, Elephant, Langur, Barking and Spotted Deer, Sloth Bear Mongoose, Flying Squirrel, Porcupine, Turtle, Monitor Lizard, Python, Sambar, Pangolin etc


Q1) What is a Biosphere Reserve?

Biosphere reserves are ‘areas of land and marine ecosystems or a combination, which are internationally recognised within the framework of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere (MAB) programme. It is an area where locals work with biodiversity and its sustainable use.

Source: Elephant poached in Similipal tiger reserve in Mayurbhanj, tusks removed