Sloth bear

1 min read
Sloth bear Blog Image


Karnataka has witnessed instances of human-sloth bear confrontations, raising concerns for both communities and wildlife enthusiasts.

About Sloth bear: 

  • Scientific Name: Melursus ursinus
  • Sloth bears are one of the eight bear species found across the world.
  • They are myrmecophagous, meaning, they find bugs and termites to be their most sought after meal.
  • Habitat: They live in a variety of dry and moist forests and in some tall grasslands, where boulders, scattered shrubs and trees provide shelter.
  • Distribution: They mainly inhabit the region of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and presumably Bhutan.
  • Appearance: They have long, shaggy dark brown or black fur and curved claws, which are the longest out of any of the bear species.
  • Conservation Status

o IUCN: Vulnerable

o Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule 1

  • Key to mitigate human-sloth bear confrontations: Enhancing habitat connectivity, minimising human-wildlife interaction zones, and implementing responsible waste management practices.
  • Sloth Bear Sanctuaries in India: Daroji Sloth Bear Sanctuary (Karnataka)
    , Jessore Sloth Bear Sanctuary (Gujarat).

Q1:What is CITES ?

  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)is an international agreement between governments to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species.

source:In Jambavan’s land: Sloth bears mostly coexist peacefully with humans in Karnataka; but conflict is not non-existent