About Snow Leopard
- It is found in the mountainous regions of central and southern Asia.
- In India, it is seen in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
- The Hemis National Park has a good presence of Snow Leopard.
- They play a key role as a top predator, an indicator of the health of their high-altitude habitat, and, increasingly, an important indicator of the impacts of climate change on mountain environments.
What is the Conservation status?
- IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
- Under CITES it is listed in Appendix I
- Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972: chedule I
Q1) What is Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection (GSLEP) Programme?
It is a high-level inter-governmental alliance of all the 12 snow leopard range countries. The snow leopard countries namely, India, Nepal, Bhutan, China, Mongolia, Russia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
Source: Ghosts of the mountain: 4 snow leopards spotted in rare sighting in Himachal Pradesh