Solomon Islands

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A state-backed Chinese company recently won a contract to develop a key port in the Solomon Islands.

Key Facts about Solomon Islands:

  • Location:
    • It is an island country consisting of six major islands and over 900 smaller islands in Oceania.
    • It is situated in the southwest Pacific Ocean, approximately 2,000 km to the northeast of Australia.
  • Capital: Its capital, Honiara, is located on the largest island, Guadalcanal.
  • The terrain is mountainous and heavily forested.
  • More than 90% of the islanders are ethnic Melanesians.
  • Once a British protectorate, the Solomon Islands achieved independence as a republic in 1978.
  • Language:
    • There are 63 distinct languages in the country, with numerous local dialects. 
    • English is the official language, but Pijin is the common language for the majority of people.


Q1) Who are Melanesians?

Melanesians are Indigenous people of the region that includes Fiji, Papua New Guinea, parts of Indonesia ( Papua, Maluku, and more), New Caledonia, Vanuatu, and the Solomon Islands. The name, "Melanasia," is a combination of two Greek words: melas, meaning "Black" and neosi, which translates to "islands."

Source: China boosts South Pacific influence with Solomons port deal