Taiwan Strait

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Overview:

Seventy-one Chinese military aircraft crossed the sensitive median line of the Taiwan Strait recently as China began drills around Taiwan.

About Taiwan Strait:

  • Taiwan Strait, also called Formosa Strait, is a 180-kilometre-wide strait separating the island of Taiwan and continental Asia.
  • The strait extends from southwest to northeast between the South and East China seas.
  • The narrowest part is 130 km wide.
  • It reaches a depth of about 230 feet (70 m) and contains the Pescadores Islands (which are controlled by the government of Taiwan). 
  • The chief ports are Amoy in mainland China and Kao-hsiung in Taiwan. 
  • Median line of the Taiwan Strait:
    • It is the informal dividing line in the Taiwan Strait between the Chinese mainland and Taiwan. 
    • It came about during the Cold War as a way to try and delineate the two opposing sides and reduce the risk of clashes
    • No agreement or treaty ever solidified its status. But over the decades, it helped keep Taiwan and China's militaries apart.

 


Q1) Where is the East China sea?

East China Sea, Chinese (Wade-Giles) Tung Hai or (Pinyin) Dong Hai, arm of the Pacific Ocean bordering the East Asian mainland and extending northeastward from the South China Sea, to which it is connected by the shallow Taiwan Strait between Taiwan and mainland China. The East China Sea and the South China Sea together form the China Sea.

Source: China sends 71 aircraft across median line of Taiwan Strait, , launches drills