About Andes Mountains:
- The Andes is the longest mountain range in the world.
- TheAndes Mountains extend over seven countries: Argentina (Mount Aconcagua), Bolivia (Huayna Potosi), Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela, known as Andean States.
- It is about 5,500 miles (8,900 km) long and second only to the Himalayas in average elevation.
- It consists of a succession of parallel and transverse mountain ranges, or cordilleras, and of intervening plateaus and depressions.
- The highest elevation in the Andes is Mount Aconcagua in Argentina, which is 22,841 feet (6,962 m) above sea level.
- The Andes are also home to the world’s highest volcano when measured above sea level, the Ojos del Salado on the Chile-Argentina border.
- The Andes Mountains are over 50 million years old, they were created when the South American and Pacific tectonic plates collided.
Key facts about Peru:
- Peru is the third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina.
- It is made up of a variety of landscapes, from mountains and beaches to deserts and rain forests.
- Capital: Lima
- The world's largest rain forest, the Amazon, covers nearly half of Peru.
- Peru shares borders with Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, and Ecuador.
Q1) What is the United Nations refugee agency?
UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is a global organization dedicated to saving lives, protecting rights and building a better future for refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people.