Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve

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Overview:

Chhattisgarh’s last remaining purebred wild buffalo within the boundaries of the Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve has reportedly turned partially blind after a confrontation with a hybrid wild buffalo.

About Udanti Sitanadi Tiger Reserve

  • Location: It is located in the Dhamtari District of Chhattisgarh.
  • Udanti and Sitanadi are two wildlife sanctuaries combined together to form the reserve, covering a total area of 1842.54 sq. km. 
  • It was declared a tiger reserve in the year 2008-09.
  • Rivers: The Udanti River flows from west to east in the Udanti Wildlife Sanctuary, and the Sitanadi River originates from the middle of the Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • There are a few perennial springs, including the famous Deodhara and Godene falls.
  • Topography: The topography of the area is a broken mass of land traversed by innumerable hill ranges intercepted by strips of plains.
  • Vegetation: Mixed vegetation is present in the reserve. Dry deciduous forests, tropical and sub-tropical vegetation are also observed here, especially in the area around streams and waterways.
  • Flora:
    • It contains various types of forest crops mixed with Sal forest. 
    • The ground is covered with maze of grass, plants, bushes and saplings.
  • Fauna:
    • All the representative faunal species of Central India are found in the reserve.
    • The Asiatic Wild Buffalo is the key endangered species found in the Core Area.
    • Apart from the tiger, other endangered and rare species are the Indian Wolf, Leopard, Sloth Bear, and Mouse Deer.

Q1) What is Asiatic Wild Buffalo?

It is the state animal of Chhattisgarh (India) and is a large species of bovine native to the Indian Sub-continent and South East Asia. It is mainly found in the alluvial grasslands, marshes, swamps and river valleys. In India, they are generally concentrated in North East India in Kaziranga National Park, Manas and Dibru-Saikhowa National Parks, Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary and Bura Chapori Wildlife Sanctuary, D’Ering Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh. It is classified as ‘Endangered’ under the IUCN Red List.

Source: Chhattisgarh’s last purebred wild buffalo, 21-year-old ‘Chhotu’ fights for survial