Recently, the Bihar state government has decided to increase rhino-bearing areas in Valmiki Tiger Reserve (VTR) in the West Champaran district by five per cent in the next two years.
About Valmiki Tiger Reserve:
- Valmiki Tiger Reserve forms the easternmost limit of the Himalayan Terai forests in India,
- It is the only tiger reserve of Bihar which is situated in the Gangetic Plains bio-geographic zone of the country,
- The forest of this region has a combination of bhabar and terai tracts.
- Rivers Gandak (west of VTR), Pandai, Manor, Harha, Masan and Bhapsa flow through various parts of the reserve.
- Flora: The vegetation types include mainly Moist mixed deciduous, Open-land vegetation, Sub-mountainous semi-evergreen formation, Freshwater swamps, Riparian fringes, Alluvial grasslands, high hill savannah and Wetlands.
Q1)What are Deciduous Forests?
A deciduous forest is a biome dominated by deciduous trees which lose their leaves seasonally. The Earth has temperate deciduous forests, and tropical and subtropical deciduous forests, also known as dry forests.