Valmiki Tiger Reserve

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Recently, the Bihar state government has decided to increase rhino-bearing areas in Valmiki Tiger Reserve (VTR) in the West Champaran district by five per cent in the next two years.

About Valmiki Tiger Reserve:

  • Valmiki Tiger Reserve forms the easternmost limit of the Himalayan Terai forests in India, 
  • It is the only tiger reserve of Bihar which is situated in the Gangetic Plains bio-geographic zone of the country,
  • The forest of this region has a combination of bhabar and terai tracts.
  • Rivers Gandak (west of VTR), Pandai, Manor, Harha, Masan and Bhapsa flow through various parts of the reserve.
  • Flora: The vegetation types include mainly Moist mixed deciduous, Open-land vegetation, Sub-mountainous semi-evergreen formation, Freshwater swamps, Riparian fringes, Alluvial grasslands, high hill savannah and Wetlands.


Q1)What are Deciduous Forests?

A deciduous forest is a biome dominated by deciduous trees which lose their leaves seasonally. The Earth has temperate deciduous forests, and tropical and subtropical deciduous forests, also known as dry forests.

Source: Bihar to increase the population of greater one-horned Rhinos by 3% annuall