What is Coalition for Nature?

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Overview:

Recently, at the 15th Conference of Parties (COP15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Small Island Developing States have agreed to form Coalition for Nature.

About the Coalition for Nature:

  • The Coalition for Nature is formed for the implementation and adoption of the Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF).
  • The goal of the coalition is to advocate for agreed common SIDS priorities and needs such as greater means of implementing biodiversity objectives in these places by putting up a unified front. 

Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF).

  • It is a new framework that will guide actions worldwide through 2030, to preserve and protect nature and its essential services to people

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) 

  • SIDS are a distinct group of 38 UN Member States and 20 Non-UN Members/Associate Members of United Nations regional commissions that face unique social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities.
  • The three geographical regions in which SIDS are located are: the Caribbean, the Pacific, and the Atlantic, Indian Ocean and South China Sea (AIS). 
  • SIDS were recognized as a special case both for their environment and development at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Developmentheld in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

 


Q1) Why are Small Island Developing States vulnerable?

Small Island Developing States are highly vulnerable developing countries as they suffer from low economic diversification, often characterised by high dependence on tourism and remittances, volatility due to fluctuations in private income flows and the prices of raw materials, and debt stress situations.

Source: Down to Earth