A rare and globally endangered bird species 'Jerdon's Babbler' was recently spotted in the buffer zone of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve (DTR).
About Jerson’s Babbler
- Jerdon's babbler is a passerine bird native to wetlands and grasslands of the Indian subcontinent.
- Scientific Name: Chrysomma altirostre
- It is a member of the genus Chrysomma of the family Paradoxornithidae.
- Geographic Distribution: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan.
- Habitat: It lives all-year-round near river courses, where it inhabits dense reedbeds and tall grasslands.
Features of Jerson’s Babbler
- It has rich brown upperparts and a long brownish-red tail.
- The legs and feet are dark, the bill is greyish-horn colored above and pale below.
- The eyes' irides are yellowish-brown and a thin nude ring of greenish-yellow skin surrounds the eye.
- The sexes are alike.
- Conservation Status:
- IUCN Red List: Vulnerable
What is a Passerine Bird?
- A passerine is a perching bird in the formal scientific order Passeriformes.
- These are the most familiar, typical birds and the term can be applied to more than half the world's unique bird species, including all the classic songbirds, sparrows, and finches.
Key Facts about Dudhwa Tiger Reserve (DTR)
- Location: It is located on the Indo-Nepal border in the district Lakhimpur-Kheri in Uttar Pradesh.
- It comprises Dudhwa National Park (DNP) and Kishanpur and Katarniaghat wildlife sanctuaries.
- Rivers:The Sharda River flows by the Kishanpur WL Sanctuary, the Geruwa River flows through the Katerniaghat WL Sanctuary and the Suheli and Mohana streams flow in the Dudhwa National Park, all of which are tributaries of the mighty Ghagra River.
- The Dudhwa National Park is a typical Tarai-Bhabar habitat of the upper Gangetic plains Biogeographic province.
- Flora: The vegetation is of the North Indian Moist Deciduous type, containing some of the finest examples of Sal forests (Shorea robusta) in India.
- Fauna: Tiger, Langu, Smooth Indian Otter, Hog Deer, Mugger, Gharial, Python, Sandboa, Banded krait, Russel’s viper, Rat snake etc.
Q1) What is The IUCN Red List?
Established in 1964, The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species.