What is Panama Canal?

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What is Panama Canal? Blog Image


Panama Canal recently limited average crossings to 32 ships a day as a prolonged drought continues.

About Panama Canal:


  • It is a constructed waterway that connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans across the Isthmus of Panama.
  • It is one of the two most strategic artificial waterways in the world, the other being the Suez Canal. 
  • It is approximately 80 kilometers long.
  • The canal was built by the United States between 1904 and 1914, and it was officially opened on August 15, 1914.
  • It is owned and administered by the Republic of Panama since the oversight of the Canal was transferred from the United States to Panama in 1999.
  • The Panama Canal consists of a series of locks that raise and lower the water level to facilitate the passage of ships through the continental divide.


What is an Isthmus?

  • An isthmus is a narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses which is bounded by water on two sides. 
  • The word has its origins from the Greek word isthmós which means “neck.”
  • Two notable isthmuses are the Isthmus of Panama which separates the continents of North America and South America and the Isthmus of Suez which divides Africa from Asia.


Q1) What is the Isthmus of Suez?

The Isthmus of Suez is a narrow land bridge located in Egypt that connects the continents of Africa and Asia. It separates the Mediterranean Sea to the north from the Red Sea to the south.

Source: Drought-hit Panama Canal restricts daily crossings in water-saving move