Who are the Tharu people?

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Who are the Tharu people? Blog Image


Forest dept, NABARD to give skill-development training to Tharu people.

Why in news?

  • Forest officials of the Katarniaghat division say a plan is in the works for the financial inclusion of the Tharu groups that live near the Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) and are much affected by human-wildlife conflicts.

About Tharu people

  • They are an ethnic group indigenous to the Terai region of the Himalayan foothills, located in southern Nepal and in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India. 
  • Tharu in Nepal officially numbered about 1.5 million and those in India about 170,000. 
  • They speak various dialects of Tharu, a language of the Indo-Aryan subgroup of the Indo-Iranian group of the Indo-European family, and they are largely Indian in culture.
  • Most Tharu practice agriculture, raise cattle, hunt, fish, and collect forest products.
  • Although they are Hindu, the Tharu use their own traditional ritual specialists in addition to the Hindu Brahman priests.
  • Each Tahru village is governed by a council and a headman.

About Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS)

  • Location: It is situated in the Upper Gangetic plain falling in the Terai of Bahraich district of Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is part of Dudhwa Tiger Reserve Lakhimpur kheri.
  • The Katarniya Ghat Forest provides strategic connectivity between tiger habitats of India and Nepal.
  • Flora: The sanctuary has a mosaic of Sal and Teak forests, lush grasslands, numerous swamps and wetlands.
  • Fauna: It is home to a number of endangered species including gharial, tiger, rhino, Gangetic dolphin, Swamp deer, Hispid hare, Bengal florican, the White-backed and Long-billed vultures.


Q1) Where is Terai region located?

Tarai, also spelled Terai, region of northern India and southern Nepal running parallel to the lower ranges of the Himalayas.

Source: Forest dept, NABARD to give skill-development training to Tharu people