How to Read Newspaper for UPSC?

by Vajiram & Ravi

Reading the Newspaper for the UPSC Exam requires a strategic approach. From selecting the right newspaper to read to prepare for the UPSC exam to making subject-wise current affairs notes from the Newspaper requires a guided approach. In this article, we will guide you on how to read the Newspaper to prepare for your UPSC Civil Services Examination.

How to Read Newspaper for UPSC Preparation?

The Newspapers play a significant role in UPSC Preparation. Integrating the Current Affairs Notes made from the Newspaper Readings along with the Static subjects helps in the overall preparation of the UPSC Syllabus. In order to make sure that you read the Newspaper in the right manner, follow these steps:

  • Summarise Key Points: While reading a Newspaper, identify the central theme of the article and highlight the key points and opinions expressed by the author. Identify the key points.
  • Use Bullet Points and Headings: Organise your notes using bullet points and headings. This approach helps in better organisation and quick revision. Create headings for specific topics or subjects, making it easier to locate relevant information during revision.
  • Focus on Facts and Figures: Newspaper Articles often contain statistical data and facts to support their arguments. Note down important statistics, numbers, and data that can be used as evidence in answers during the UPSC Civil Services Mains examination.
  • Analyse Editorial Perspectives: Editorials often present diverse viewpoints on complex issues. While making notes, capture different perspectives to develop a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. This helps you develop an analytical perspective in your answer writing.
  • Maintain a Separate Vocabulary Section: Many articles include high-level vocabulary and complex terms. Keep a separate section to jot down new words and their meanings. Familiarising yourself with these terms will enhance your language proficiency and also help you in your CSAT Exam.
  • Connect with Current Affairs: Relate the article’s content to current affairs and recent developments. Understanding the context of the article's publication date will help you make relevant connections during revision.
  • Link with Syllabus Topics: While making notes, link the articles to specific topics mentioned in the UPSC Civil Services Examination syllabus. This association will help you remember the relevance of the content during exam preparation and help you integrate current affairs in your Main answers along with your static portion.
  • Avoid Overloading Notes: Keep your notes concise and to the point. Avoid overloading them with excessive information, as it may lead to confusion during revision.
  • Regular Review and Revision: Consistently review and revise your notes to reinforce your understanding of the content. Regular revision is essential for long-term memory retention.

How to make Notes from Newspaper for UPSC?

Let us look at an example to understand the right strategy to make notes from the newspaper for the UPSC CSE exam preparation. For Example,

how to make notes from newspaper for UPSC

Notes:

Subject covered: Science and Technology

Identify the Key Words: ISRO, Mission to Sun, Chandrayaan-3, Aditya-L1- Space Observatory to study Sun, Seven Payloads

Identify all the Forward and Backward Linkages around the News.

About ISRO

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the space agency of the Government of India.
  • ISRO was founded on August 15, 1969, by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, often regarded as the father of India's space program.
  • It is headquartered in Bengaluru, India.
  • ISRO's primary goal is to advance space technology and use space applications for various national tasks.
  • ISRO successfully launched its first satellite, Aryabhata, in 1975.
  • The Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan) launched by ISRO in 2013 made India the fourth space agency to reach Mars and the first to do so in its maiden attempt.
  • ISRO's Chandrayaan missions have focused on lunar exploration, with Chandrayaan-1 discovering water molecules on the Moon's surface.
  • The organisation has launched numerous communication, remote sensing, navigation, and scientific satellites.
  • ISRO has played a crucial role in providing satellite-based services for disaster management, agriculture, weather forecasting, and communication across India.
  • It has developed cost-effective launch vehicles like the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).
  • ISRO's achievements include launching a record number of satellites in a single mission using PSLV-C37 in 2017.
  • The Gaganyaan mission aims to send Indian astronauts into space using the indigenous crewed spacecraft.
  • ISRO has collaborated with various international space agencies and organisations for joint missions and satellite launches.

You can cover the other Key topics identified in a similar manner.

What to Read in the Newspaper?

Having a proper understanding of the UPSC syllabus definitely helps in identifying the important articles in Newspapers.

  • For Indian Polity, you should pay attention to things like Press Conferences, important government events, big laws being discussed, elections, government plans, talks in Parliament, and decisions from the Supreme Court or High Court. When it comes to news that's really important for the country, like new inventions or scientific discoveries, you should focus on how these things will affect India, including problems and benefits.
  • In the economy part, you should look at changes in the banking system and official announcements from groups like SEBI, the Reserve Bank of India, and the Planning Commission. When it comes to other countries, you should note when the Prime Minister or President goes to visit them, the agenda behind the meeting and all the policies and negotiations discussed between the nations. You should also learn about India's role in groups like the UN, IMF, and ASEAN, as well as any agreements with other countries.
  • Lastly, for general knowledge and current events, they should read about things like climate change. They should also learn about important parts of the environment, science, and technology, art and culture etc.

FAQs

How to Read Newspaper for UPSC?

To read newspapers effectively for UPSC, focus on:

  • Relevance: Identify topics aligned with the UPSC syllabus.
  • Headlines: Pay attention to headlines for significant events.
  • In-depth: Read articles thoroughly to understand context and implications.
  • Note-taking: Jot down key points, real-life examples, and case studies.
  • Critical Thinking: Analyse news critically, considering pros, cons, and impacts.
  • Focus Areas: Prioritise Indian Polity, Economy, International Relations, Current Affairs, and General Knowledge.
  • Consistency: Read newspapers daily to stay updated and build a strong knowledge base.

Who Published the First Newspaper in India?

The first newspaper in India was published by James Augustus Hickey. It was named the "Calcutta General Advertiser" and was first printed on January 29, 1780. Later, in 1781, it was renamed the "Bengal Gazette." This marked the beginning of newspaper publishing in India during the colonial era.

What to read in Newspapers for UPSC?

When reading newspapers for UPSC preparation, focus on relevant and current information that aligns with the syllabus. Pay attention to headlines and articles related to Indian Polity, Economy, International Relations, Current Affairs, and General Knowledge. Look for news on important government events, legislative developments, elections, international relations, scientific advancements, environmental issues, and social changes.

Is it necessary to read newspapers for UPSC?

Yes, it is very important to read newspapers for UPSC exam preparation. They are the best authentic source for current affairs coverage.

How many hours should I read the newspaper for UPSC?

You should dedicate at least 1.5 - 2 hours every day to reading the newspaper and making notes.

How to prepare current affairs for UPSC without reading the newspaper?

While Newspapers play an important role in current affairs coverage, you can also visit our Vajiram & Ravi Youtube channel and view our daily Newspaper Analysis Video - The Analyst and also refer to the monthly Current Affairs Magazine, The Recticals.