VTS Upgrade 2.0 Mains Test Series

by Vajiram & Ravi

Building on the decades of experience in the UPSC CSE process, Vajiram & Ravi is bringing you the VTS Upgrade 2.0 (Mains Test Series Programme) to streamline your preparation and make you “Mains-Ready” for CSE 20233.

The programme starts on 10th October 2022 and extends till 13th February 2023 covering the entire General Studies syllabus as stated by UPSC in total 12 tests:

  • First 8 sectional tests based on partial General Studies paper’s syllabus that will help to grasp the content in detail & provide you the confidence to write good answers.

  • Thereafter, a set of 4 Full-length Tests, one for each General Studies paper comfortably spaced for you to revise the full syllabus.

We will guide you to cover the full GS syllabus & understand the trend of UPSC Main Exam, so as to bring out your full potential and excel in it.

This programme will:

  • Help you master “The Art of Writing Answers” with constant guidance and handholding. It will help you to write good answers with contextual, structural and language competency and take your preparedness a notch higher.

  • Help you identify your strengths and specific weakness through qualitative feedback and will guide you to work upon them in a concerted manner to develop quality content, refine answer writing skill, and efficient time management.

  • Mentor you to take stock of the performance and fine-tune strategies in order to devise the right strategy with the help of the experienced team.

  • Benchmark your present preparation to gradually improve the performance.


Starting: 10th October

Mode: Offline/ Online

Fees: 15000 (13000 for Ex- Vajiram Students Prior to 2021 Batch) + GST

Registration Link: VTS Upgrade 2.0 Mains Test Series Registration

Schedule of the Test series:





October 10th, 2022

GS I - History


October 20th, 2022

GS I  Geography, Indian Society


October 30th, 2022

GS II - Polity and Constitution, International Relations


November 10th, 2022

GS II - Governance, Social Justice


November 20th, 2022

GS III - Economy and Agriculture, Internal Security


November 30th, 2022

GS III - Science & TechEnvironment, Ecology and BiodiversityDisaster Mgmt.


December 6th, 2022

GS IV – Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude (Philosophy & Social Psychology), Case studies


December 12th, 2022

GS IV - Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude (Ethics in governance), Case studies


December 27th, 2022

Comprehensive GS Paper I


January 12th, 2023

Comprehensive GS Paper II


January 28th, 2023

Comprehensive GS Paper III


February 13th, 2023

Comprehensive GS Paper IV

Salient features of the VTS Upgrade 2.0 Test Series

  • Offline/Online mode of the Test Series comes to aid preparation

  • UPSC quality question papers with the help of a highly experienced team

  • Focus on the sustainable and holistic enhancement of answer writing skill of the candidate through constructive and individualized feedback followed by mentoring sessions.

  • Aspirants will be provided with their evaluated answer sheets with Model Answers through our students portal

  • Detailed Discussion Classes for the tests

  • Mentor’s support

  • Access to Best copies

 VTS Upgrade 2.0 Programme Details

Test No





October 10th, 2022

History, Indian Society, Social Issues

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars,

  • Redrawing of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, Capitalism, socialism etc. - their forms and effect on the society.


October 20th, 2022

Geography + Indian Society

  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.

  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian subcontinent);

  • factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc.,

  • Geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

  • Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and

  • Developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

  • Effects of globalization on Indian society

  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.


October 30th, 2022

Polity and Constitution + International Relations

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure

  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

  • Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

  • Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.

  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.

  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.


November 10th, 2022

Governance + Social Justice

  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

  • Role of civil services in a democracy

  • Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.


November 20th, 2022

Economy and Agriculture + Internal Security

  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

  • Government Budgeting.

  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.

  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

  • Land reforms in India.

  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

  • Investment models.

  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.

  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.

  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.


November 30th, 2022

Science and Tech + Environment, Ecology and Biodiversity + Disaster Management

  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

  • Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

  • Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

  • Disaster and disaster management


December 6th, 2022

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude (Philosophy & Social Psychology), Case studies

  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.

  • Case Studies on the above issues.


December 12th, 2022

Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude (Ethics in governance), Case studies

  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

  • Case Studies on the above issues.


December 27st, 2022

General Studies 1

Full-Length General Studies Paper I


January 12th, 2023

General Studies 2

Full-Length General Studies Paper II


January 28th, 2023

General Studies 3

Full-Length General Studies Paper III


February 13th, 2023

General Studies 4

Full-Length General Studies Paper IV


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