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Caracal Blog Image


Recently, there was a concern regarding the conservation of the Caracal species.

About Caracal

  • It is an elusive, primarily nocturnal animal which has traditionally been valued for its litheness and extraordinary ability to catch birds in flight.
  • In India, it is called siya gosh, a Persian name that translates as ‘black Ear’.
  • They typically use abandoned porcupine burrows and rock crevices for maternal dens, but can be found with their young in dense vegetation.
  • Distribution:
    • The most suitable habitat for caracals in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh is located in Kutch, the Malwa Plateau, the Aravalli hill range and the Bundelkhand region, 
    • It is found in several dozen countries across Africa, the Middle East, Central and South Asia. 
  • Habitat: They live in woodlands, savannahs and in scrub forests .
  • Threats: Large-scale hunting, illegal trading and loss of natural habitats are considered significant threats to the species.
  • Conservation status
    • The Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I

Q1) What is Savanna vegetation?

It is a vegetation type that grows under hot, seasonally dry climatic conditions and is characterized by an open tree canopy (i.e., scattered trees) above a continuous tall grass understory (the vegetation layer between the forest canopy and the ground).

Source: Protect India’s scrublands to save the caracal