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Recently, the Phoenix Herpetological Society based in Arizona has applied for permission from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to import six gharials and another equal number of mugger crocodiles from Tamil Nadu.

About Gharial: 


  • It is a fresh-water crocodile which lives in deep fast-flowing rivers. 
  • Features: Compared to alligators and crocodiles, a Gharial has a very long and narrow snout (instead of a broad snout). 
  • Distribution: 
    • Globally Gharial is found only in India and Nepal.
    • In India their major population occur in three tributaries of the Ganga River: the Chambal and the Girwa Rivers in India and the Rapti-Naryani River in Nepal.
    • The Gharial reserves of India are located in three States – Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
  • Conversation status
    • IUCN: Critically endangered.
    • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I
    • CITES: Appendix I
  • Conservation Initiatives:
    • Breeding Centres of Kukrail Gharial Rehabilitation Centre in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
    • National Chambal Sanctuary (Madhya Pradesh).


Q1) What is CITES?

CITES stands for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. It is an international agreement between governments that aims to ensure that international trade in wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. CITES was adopted in 1973 and entered into force in 1975.

Source: America's largest reptile sanctuary wants to import gharials from India