Nagarahole Tiger Reserve

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Overview:

A 10-year-old boy was recently killed in a tiger attack in Metikuppe wildlife range in Nagarahole Tiger Reserve.

About Nagarahole Tiger Reserve:

  • Location: It is situated in the districts of Mysore and Kodagu in Karnataka.
  • The reserve is named after a small river, ‘Nagarahole’ (literally a snake stream in Kannada), which meanders within the habitat before joining the river Kabini.
  • Boundaries: It is flanked by the Bandipur Tiger Reserve on its southeastern side and the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary of Kerala on the southwest.
  • The habitat also forms part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
  • History:
    • The origin of the reserve as a protected area dates back to the reign of the Wodeyar dynasty, the former rulers of the Kingdom of Mysore, when Nagarahole was an exclusive hunting reserve of the kings.
    • It was set up in 1955 as a wildlife sanctuary by Coorg State.
    • It was upgraded to a national park in 1988, and was brought under the fold of the Project Tiger by declaring it as a Tiger Reserve in 1999.
  • Vegetation:
    • The forests of Nagarahole are primarily deciduous.
    • The dry eastern limits of the reserve have dry deciduous forests.
    • Towards the west, with the increase in rainfall, the vegetation changes to tropical moist and semi-evergreen forests.
  • Flora:
    • The forests are interspersed with swampy fallows called ‘hadlu’, which are dominated by grasses and sedges, favoured by wild herbivores.
    • Commercially important rosewood, teak, sandalwood, and silver oak are the main trees here. 
  • Fauna: Tiger, Leopard Asiatic, Wild Dog, Sloth Bear, Asiatic Elephant, Gaur, Sambar Chital Muntjac, Four Horned Antelope etc.

 


Q1) What is Project Tiger?

The Govt. of India had launched “Project Tiger” on 1st April 1973 to promote conservation of the tiger. Project Tiger has been the largest species conservation initiative of its kind in the world. While the field implementation of the project, protection and management in the designated reserves is done by the project States, who also provide the matching grant to recurring items of expenditure, deploy field staff/officers, and give their salaries, the Project Tiger Directorate of the Ministry of Environment and Forests was mandated with the task of providing technical guidance and funding support.

Source: Boy killed in tiger attack in H.D. Kote