UPSC Prelims 2023 Question:
Consider the following organizations/ bodies in India:
- The National Commission for Backward Classes
- The National Human Rights Commission
- The National Law Commission
- The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
How many of the above are constitutional bodies?
a) Only one
b) Only two
c) Only three
d) All four
Correct Answer: Option a) Only One
Learn more about Indian Constitutional Bodies Below.
- National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) -
- Was initially constituted by the Central Govt by the National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993.
- The present Commission (8th) has been accorded Constitutional Status and constituted through “The Constitution (One Hundred and Second Amendment) Act, 2018” Act, whereby Article 338B has been inserted, forming a Commission for the socially and educationally backward classes to be known as National Commission for Backward Classes. So, point 1 is correct.
- National Human Rights Commission -
- The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India was established on 12 October, 1993. The statute under which it is established is the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993 as amended by the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006. So, point 2 is not correct.
- National Law Commission -
- Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body and is constituted by a notification of the Government of India, Ministry of Law & Justice, Department of Legal Affairs with a definite terms of reference to carry out research in the field of law and the Commission makes recommendations to the Government (in the form of Reports) as per its terms of reference. So, point 3 is not correct.
- National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC)
- The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC), India is a quasi-judicial commission in India which was set up in 1988 under the Consumer Protection Act of 1986. Its head office is in New Delhi. So, point 4 is not correct.
Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.
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