Modi Unveils Logo, Theme, Site of G-20 Presidency

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What’s in Today’s Article:

  • G-20 – About, working, significance
  • News Summary

 

Why in news?

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi unveiled the logo, theme and website of India’s G-20 Presidency via video conferencing.
  • The G20 Leaders’ Summit at the level of Heads of State/Government is scheduled to be held on September 9 and 10, 2023 in New Delhi.

 

In Focus: G-20

  • G-20 was a group of finance ministers and central bank governors from 19 individual countries and European Union. It was established in 1999.
  • G20 was elevated to a forum of Heads of State/Government in 2008 to effectively respond to the global financial crisis of 2008.
  • G-20 is a forum, not a legislative body. Its agreements and decisions have no legal impact, but they do influence countries' policies and global cooperation.

 

Working of G20

  • The G20 has no permanent secretariat. The agenda and work are coordinated by representatives of the G20 countries, known as ‘Sherpas’.
    • For India, ex-NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant is the current G20 Sherpa.
  • The presidency of the G20 rotates every year among members, and the country holding the presidency, together with the previous and next presidency-holder, forms the ‘Troika’.
    • Troika ensures continuity of the G20 agenda.
    • During India’s presidency, India, Indonesia and Brazil will form the troika.

 

Significance of G20

  • Carries significant weight
    • G20 members represent around 85% of global GDP, over 75% of global trade, and two-thirds of the world’s population.
    • G20 members contribute 79% of the world carbon emissions and hence this platform assumes significance in shaping the discussion on climate change.
  • Promotes Multilateralism
    • Since 2011, the G20 summit has been held annually, under a rotating presidency.
    • The practice of rotating the chair gives all the members a chance to shape the global agenda.
  • A number of overarching themes
    • Initially, the G20 focused on broad macroeconomic policy, but has since expanded its ambit to include trade, sustainable development, energy, environment, climate change, anti-corruption etc.
      • Eg., 2021 summit decided to stop funding coal-fired power plants in poor countries by the end of 2021.
      • It also committed to seek carbon neutrality “by or around mid-century”.
      • 2021 summit endorsed the Two-Pillar Solution to Address the Tax Challenges Arising from the Digitalisation of the Economy.
  • United Fight against COVID-19 Pandemic
    • In March 2020, G20 leaders pledged to inject $5 trillion into the global economy to reduce the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic.
    • In addition to this, they also agreed to contribute to WHO’s COVID-19 Solidarity Response Fund on voluntary basis.

 

News Summary

  • PM Modi unveiled the logo, theme and website of India’s G20 presidency.
  • India will assume the presidency of the powerful G20 grouping from the current chair, Indonesia, on December 1, and hold the post for a year.

 

Key Highlights:

  • The logo — Earth juxtaposed with the lotus,
  • Theme — “Vasudhaiva Kutumba-kam” or “One Earth One Family One Future”
    • The logo reflects India’s idea of VasudhaivaKutumbakam (the whole earth is a family), because of which India has always believed in global harmony.

 

Key highlights of the speech delivered by PM Modi

  • India’s G20 presidency is coming at a time of crisis and chaos in the world.
    • The world is going through the after-effects of a disruptive once-in-a-century pandemic, conflicts and a lot of economic uncertainty.
  • The symbol of the lotus in the G20 logo is a representation of hope in this time.
  • Elaborating on the theme, PM Modi said India is working on the vision of bringing the whole world together for a common objective, for a better future.
    • It will be India’s endeavour that there should not be any first world or third world, but “only one world”.
    • India, with its mantra of ‘One Sun, One World, One Grid’, has called for a renewable energy revolution in the world.
    • India took up a campaign of ‘One World, One Health’ to strengthen global health.
    • Now, in the G20 also, India’s mantra is One Earth, One Family, One Future.